A pre-action fire sprinkler system is similar to a dry-pipe sprinkler system. In a pre-action system, the water is held back by a pre-action valve. The valve is opened when flame, heat, or smoke is detected. Two things must happen before a pre-action sprinkler system releases water. The first is that the detection system must detect a fire and the valve must open, releasing water into the piping. The second event is that individual sprinkler heads need to open to allow water to discharge.
Double Interlock Pre-Action
A double interlock pre-action system has pressurized air or nitrogen added to the system piping. This helps monitor for possible leaks and holds the water in place if the valve fails to prevent accidental discharge. The double interlock system adds extra security when it comes to accidental discharge.
Benefits and Disadvantages of Pre-Action Systems
There are both benefits and disadvantages to pre-action systems. One of the biggest benefits of pre-action fire protection is that it works well for water sensitive environments because there is low risk of accidental discharge. It prevents excessive water damage and it works well in cold areas because the pipes will not freeze since water is not held within the pipes.
One disadvantage of the pre-action system is that they can be more costly to install because they are more complex than traditional sprinkler systems. Another thing to consider is that there may be more lag time before the water is discharged than in a typical system.
Applications for Pre-Action Systems
Pre-action fire sprinkler systems are useful in areas that are water sensitive because they add extra protection from accidental activation. Some facilities where pre-action systems are used include:
- Data Centers
- Freezer Warehouses
If you are wondering if a pre-action system is right for your facility, you should talk to a fire protection professional.
Install a Pre-Action Fire System with Davis-Ulmer
Davis-Ulmer Fire Protection can design and install a pre-action fire system for your application. We will work with you to design a system that fits the needs of your facility. The Davis-Ulmer NICET certified technicians will make sure your system meets local fire code and NFPA standards. If you need ongoing inspections and service of your system, we can provide inspections on a monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, or annual basis. We serve the New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania. If you are interested in installing a pre-action system in your facility, contact Davis-Ulmer today.